A BrainGate Timeline

June 10, 2009  |  Media Contact: Mark Hollmer |  401-863-2476
From thought to action - The BrainGate Neural Interface System reads brain signals associated
with controling motion, which a computer can translate into
instructions for moving a computer cursor or controling a variety of
assistive devices.
From thought to action The BrainGate Neural Interface System reads brain signals associated with controling motion, which a computer can translate into instructions for moving a computer cursor or controling a variety of assistive devices. Credit: Brown Institute for Brain Science
BrainGate has reached many milestones over the last nine years. Below, some highlights. (Return to news release.)

2000

Six Brown University scientists plan to explore the function of the human brain using tiny electronics — nanotechnology — with a $4.25-million grant from the U.S. Department of Defense.

2001

Cyberkinetics Neurotechnology Systems Inc. launches under a licensing agreement with the Brown University Research Foundation, based on research and technology developed in part in the lab of neuroscientist John Donoghue, director of the Brown University Brain Science Program.

2002

Researchers at Brown University show that signals from the brain, which normally control hand movement, can be decoded and used as the sole input to control a computer cursor. Their report appears in the March 14 issue of Nature.
www.brown.edu/news/2001-02/01-098.html

2004

The BrainGate™ Neural Interface System receives an investigational device exemption from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which allows Cyberkinetics to begin testing the device in patients.

2004

Brown and the Providence VA Medical Center receive a five-year, $4.75-million grant to form the Brown-VA Center for Restorative and Regenerative Medicine. The new venture is focused on rebuilding, restoring, and regenerating function for veterans after limb loss.

2005

Brown and Cyberkinetics sign a research and licensing agreement, allowing access for eligible neuroscience researchers at Brown to human clinical data gathered during testing of the BrainGate™ Neural Interface System.
www.brown.edu/news/2005-06/05-012.html

2006

A team led by Brown and Massachusetts General Hospital researchers publish early pilot clinical trial results that show the BrainGate brain sensor allowed a person with tetraplegia (paralysis of both arms and both legs) to open a prosthetic hand, control a robotic limb and move a computer cursor — using thoughts alone. The work was featured on the cover of Nature.
http://www.brown.edu/news/2006-07/06-002.html

2007

Brown and research partners at Cyberkinetics and the Cleveland Functional Electrical Stimulation Center agree to develop new brain implants that record or stimulate neural activity which may be used in patients with paralysis, epilepsy and other central nervous system injuries and disorders.
news.brown.edu/pressreleases/2007/08/next-generation-neurotechnology

2009

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration provides an investigational device exemption to begin a new BrainGate trial. Dubbed BrainGate2, the trial will be run at the Massachusetts General Hospital, with Brown, MGH and the VA Medical Center all playing vital roles in the research.

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