A new study from Case Western Reserve University finds mothers tend to be more critical of children with obsessive-compulsive disorder than they are of other children in the family. And, that parental criticism is linked to poorer outcomes for the child after treatment.
Despite their relatively cumbersome wings, bats are champions of nocturnal aviation, a feat accomplished through an ingenious bit of aeronautical engineering.
Bats fold their wings inward while lifting them in flight, saving 65 percent of the energy that would be required to lift wings still outstretched, say Brown University researchers who used high-speed video to analyze the aerial kinematics of fruit bats.
A rare engraved print created by Paul Revere has been found in a 19th century book at Brown University.
A university preservationist discovered the print while studying the 1811 book once owned by a 1773 graduate of Brown. The graduate’s descendants donated the book to the Rhode Island school.
In a new study by Fiery Cushman, assistant professor of cognitive, linguistic, and psychological sciences, baseball fans exhibit a high moral tolerance for a form of revenge not otherwise practiced in most of contemporary society: avenging one’s own hit batsman by aiming a pitch at an opposing batter who was not previously involved. The research suggests that such systems of vicarious retribution, found throughout history, may not depend on an underlying assignment of moral responsibility.
The death of Florida teen Trayvon Martin has inspired many people to express their feelings about the situation through art. Tricia Rose, professor of Africana studies, says that the case has struck a nerve that has caused people to channel their emotion into creative energy, for now. “Initial outrage has been stoked by George Zimmerman’s post-crime treatment as a victim. The longer he goes free, without even further questioning, the more suffering and distrust will be created. Hopefully, it will also continue to generate creative responses, survival and social change strategies,” Rose says.
Jack Hayes, currently director of athletics at Hofstra University, has been named director of athletics at Brown University. Hayes will begin his work at Brown July 1, 2012, succeeding Michael Goldberger. As director of athletics at Brown, Hayes will have responsibility for 37 varsity teams and their coaches, as well as 17 intercollegiate teams that compete at the club level. This story was also reported by Bloomberg, the Wall Street Journal, IvyLeagueSports.com and other national outlets.
Bill Ven Siclen reviews “Dragon Bridge: Taoist Paintings of the Mien,” an exhibition currently on display at the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology at Manning Hall. The paintings, which were purchased by the University in 2001, were originally thought to be 19th-century copies of earlier Mien works, but are now believed to date from the late 17th century.
Five professors from Brown University have made the Princeton Review’s list of top professors in the country. They are Barrett Hazeltine, professor emeritus of emgineering; Joseph Pucci, associate professor of classics; Stephanie Ravillon, lecturer in French studies; Robert Serrano, professor of economics; and Daniel Stupar, studio technician in visual arts.
Jason Neustadter, chief resident in dermatology, and Martin Weinstock, professor of dermatology and epidemiology, are among the authors on an op-ed in support of legislation that would ban the use of indoor tanning devices by children and adolescents under the age of 18. “Prohibiting the use of indoor tanning beds for all children and teens under the age of 18 is critical to preventing future skin cancers as survey data indicate that use of these devices increases with each year of adolescence,” they write.
The Japanese Cultural Association at Brown University held an event on Sunday, March 11, to commemorate the anniversary of the devastating earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan exactly one year ago. “Cranes on the Green” was an interactive installation in which passersby placed blue and white paper cranes, handed out by the JCA, on the College Green.
A group of undergraduates taught by environmental studies professor Timmons Roberts is helping the financially distressed city of Central Falls update its master plan to respond to natural disasters, including flooding from the Blackstone River. An updated master plan could trigger federal and state funds that planners want to make much-needed improvements.
An op-ed about Brown’s newly named president-elect Christina Hull Paxson describes the experience she brings to the role, her accomplishments at Princeton, and what duties she will be charged with upon beginning her tenure at the University. Should she inherit the ongoing negotiations with the city, “She arrives with some solid fund-raising credentials of her own and ample experience dealing with strong wills.”
As British Prime Minister David Cameron prepares for an upcoming U.S. visit, many analysts are looking at the relationship between the two countries and wondering if the connection has shifted as Britain’s global power has diminished. "The policy elites in Britain would like to still believe there is a special relationship between the U.S. and Britain," says Mark Blyth, professor of political economy. "The American focus has shifted toward Germany and the Eurozone and away from the so-called special relationship with Britain."
Twenty years after the announcement that he had been diagnosed with HIV, former NBA star Magic Johnson narrates a documentary about that event. “This film couldn’t come at a more opportune time,” says Amy Nunn, assistant professor of medicine. “HIV testing is the most important tool we have to fight this ... Magic Johnson, by being so well-liked and respected, is helping to provide a model to youth who think it’s uncool to be tested.”
Six women filmmakers from China will screen and discuss their documentaries during a two-day event at the Cable Car Cinema in Providence, which is sponsored by Brown’s Year of China series. The filmmakers will also join international scholars for a day-long symposium at the Watson Institute for International Affairs on the role and significance of women’s documentary films in contemporary China.
Undergraduate and musician Nicolas Jaar has found an international following for his unique brand of electronica. The comparative literature concentrator used his winter break to play concerts throughout South America and Europe. His 2011 debut album “Space Is Only Noise” sold 25,000 copies worldwide and appeared on many year-end “best-of” lists. “I’ve had a dream forever of making music live for people, to actually improvise from scratch, and to do it for a long time, so that people get to see the whole creative process,” Jaar says.
In this “Hot-Button Debate,” Kenneth Miller, professor of biology, squares off against Michael Shermer, founding editor of Los Angeles-based "Skeptic" magazine on the proposition that "science and religion are incompatible." Readers are invited to read both experts’ side of the argument and then vote on who wins.
James Morone, professor of political science, contributes to this conversation about whether the GOP needs to rethink its primary system. Morone argues that the Republican primary system is simply not working for the GOP the way that it worked for Democrats in 2008 and that it may, in fact, be tearing the party apart. “What we ought to be looking at is a large set of Super Tuesdays, a set of regional primaries one after the other that helps tamp down the kind of great insurgency that comes from a small minority,” Morone says.
Difficulty concentrating can stem from any number of causes, including hormone or vitamin deficiency, a change in medication or poor diet. Christopher Kahler, professor of behavioral and social sciences, adds nicotine withdrawal to this list. He adds that while quitting smoking can be a struggle, the mental health boost gained from quitting more than compensates. “There’s a psychological benefit to it,” Kahler says.