Initiatives on the Environment

Brown Commits Additional Resources to Help Environment

The Sidney E. Frank Foundation has made a gift of $200,000 to support environmental initiatives underway at Brown University. The gift, combined with an allocation of $150,000 from the Office of the President, will be used for a proactive community outreach and awareness program that was recommended by the Energy and Environmental Advisory Committee (EEAC).

Four Brown Faculty Inducted as AAAS Fellows

Engineers Alan Needleman and Arto Nurmikko, physicist J. Michael Kosterlitz, and ecologist Jerry M. Melillo have been inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a distinction of excellence in science, scholarship, business, public affairs and the arts. Needleman, Nurmikko and Kosterlitz are professors at Brown; Melillo is a researcher at the Marine Biological Laboratory who holds a joint appointment at Brown through the Brown-MBL Graduate Program in Biological and Environmental Sciences.
Advancing Public Health

Brown University, Women & Infants Join National Children’s Study

The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has awarded Brown University a $14.1 million contract to join the National Children’s Study, a landmark research project aimed at improving children’s health. Brown will partner with Women &amp; Infants Hospital of Rhode Island and others to enroll 1,000 Providence County children in the study and follow them from before birth until age 21 to examine the effects of environmental influences on their health and well-being. (See also <a href="#Statements">statements of support</a> from the Congressional delegation.)

Brown Researchers Make Major Signal Transduction Discovery

How cells sense and respond to chemical messages – a process known as signal transduction – is a fundamental force in biology, controlling key processes such as cell growth and immune response. Now researchers from The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital report a significant discovery in the field of signal transduction that could provide a new target for drugs that fight cancer, HIV and diseases. Results are published in <em>Cell.</em>
Brown and Latin America

<p>Cardoso and Lagos Headline ‘Year of Focus on Latin America’</p>

<p>Brown University Professors-at-Large Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former president of Brazil, and Ricardo Lagos, former president of Chile, will deliver the inaugural Lecture on Globalization and Inequality, sponsored by the Watson Institute for International Studies, on Wednesday, Oct. 3, 2007. The event is a focal point in a year of University lectures, exhibitions, events, and film series with a focus on Latin American issues.</p>
Eye-Grabbing Science Graphics

Brown Bat Flight Team Wins NSF/Science Visualization Award

A multidisciplinary team of Brown faculty and students has won a first-place award in the International Science and Technology Visualization Challenge sponsored by the National Science Foundation and <em>Science</em>, the journal published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Their winning entry, on the balletic flight of bats, appears in <em>Science</em>.
Clinton Global Initiative

Brown, Princeton to Enhance Partnership with Dillard University

At the 2007 Clinton Global Initiative annual meeting in New York City, Brown University President Ruth J. Simmons announced that Brown and Princeton University would extend and enhance their post-Katrina partnership with Dillard University in New Orleans.

<p>23 Faculty Appointed to Endowed and Named Professorships</p>

<p>Brown University has appointed 23 current faculty members to endowed and named professorships, including three new Royce Professors in Teaching Excellence. The appointments are part the University’s ongoing commitment to recruit and retain the highest-caliber faculty for Brown, a key goal under the Plan for Academic Enrichment.</p>

Extraterrestrial Impact Likely Source of Sudden Ice Age Extinctions

What killed the wooly mammoths? An international team of scientists, including Peter Schultz of Brown University, suggests that a comet or meteorite exploded over the planet roughly 12,900 years ago, causing the abrupt climate changes that led to the extinction of the wooly mammoth and other giant prehistoric beasts. Their theory is published in the <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.</em>
Ethnicity and Identity

Study: Children of Immigrants Form Ethnic Identity at Early Age

Brown University researchers have published the one of the first longitudinal studies demonstrating that children of first-generation immigrants develop their ethnic identity at an earlier age than previous research has shown. Additionally, a child’s positive sense of ethnic identity is associated with the desire to socialize with children of various racial and ethnic backgrounds. The research is published in <a href=""><em>The International Journal of Behavioral Development</em></a>.
Digital Initiatives

<p><em>The Garibaldi Panorama:</em> Brown to Digitize 19th-Century Relic</p>

<p>Brown University Library and the Department of Italian Studies are collaborating to bring one of the finest surviving examples of panoramic art, the <em>Garibaldi Panorama</em>, back to the public eye. Measuring 273 feet long, the double-sided watercolor is one of the longest paintings in the world and all of it will soon be available online to scholars and students.</p>
Biology of Aging

Key to Longer Life (in Flies) Lies in Just 14 Brain Cells

Fruit flies live significantly longer when the activity of the protein p53 is reduced in just 14 insulin-producing cells in their brains, new Brown University research shows. The results put scientists one step closer to understanding caloric restriction, a biochemical process proven to slow aging. Results appear in the <em>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</em>.
Stephen A. Ogden Jr. ’60 Memorial Lecture

McCaffrey to Address ‘After Iraq: How the World has Changed’

Retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey will deliver the 77th Stephen A. Ogden Jr. ’60 Memorial Lecture on International Affairs on Tuesday, Oct. 9, 2007. His lecture, titled “After Iraq: How the World has Changed,” begins at 6:30 p.m. in the Salomon Center for Teaching. It is free and open to the public.
Biomedical Engineering

<p>Brown Scientists Take the Petri Dish to New Dimensions</p>

<p>Brown University biomedical engineers have created a new method for growing cells in three dimensions rather than the traditional two. This 3-D Petri dish allows cells to self-assemble, creating cell clusters that can be transplanted in the body or used to test drugs in the lab. This simple new technique is part of a growing body of research that shows that 3-D culture techniques can create cells that behave more like cells in the body.</p>
Biomedical Engineering

Bone-Growing Nanomaterial Could Improve Orthopaedic Implants

Bone-forming cells grow faster and produce more calcium on anodized titanium covered in carbon nanotubes compared with plain anodized titanium and the non-anodized version currently used in orthopaedic implants, new Brown University research shows. The work, published in <a href=""><em>Nanotechnology</em></a>, uncovers a new material that can be used to make more successful implants. The research also shows tantalizing promise for an all-new device: a “smart” implant that can sense and report on bone growth.