<p>Brown Researchers Work Out Structure of TIGAR, a Possible Cancer Flag</p>

<p>Brown University researchers Hua Li and Gerwald Jogl have determined the three-dimensional structure of TIGAR, an enzyme whose presence in the body can warn doctors that cancer may follow. Details will be published Jan. 16, 2009, in <em>The Journal of Biological Chemistry</em>.</p>
Environmental Change Initiative

<p>New Genetic Model Predicts Plant Flowering in Different Environments</p>

<p>A Brown University-led team has created a model that precisely charts the genetic and environmental signals that guide the life cycle of a scientifically important plant species. The model could help scientists better understand how plants will respond&nbsp; to climate change. The paper is published in the online edition of <em>Science</em>.</p>

<p>With Mental Health Insurance, Price Matters</p>

<p>Brown University professors Amal Trivedi and Vincent Mor have discovered that more patients with mental illness will seek follow-up care after a hospitalization if their co-payments for mental health care are as affordable as for their primary care.</p>

<p>Brown Physics Professor Wins Prestigious White House Award</p>

<p>Anastasia Volovich, the Richard and Edna Salomon Assistant Professor of Physics, has been named a winner of the Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers. She and other young scientists nationwide were honored at a White House ceremony Dec. 19, 2008.</p>
New AAAS Fellows

<p>Five Brown Faculty Elected to World’s Largest Scientific Body</p>

<p>The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has elected five Brown University professors — David M. Berson, Mark D. Bertness, John P. Donoghue, Susan A. Gerbi, and Jimmy Xu — as fellows for their significant contributions to the life and physical sciences.</p>

Life on Mars? Brown-led Research Team Says Elusive Mineral Bolsters Chances

A research team led by Brown University has found evidence of a long-sought mineral that shows Mars was home to a variety of watery environments, including regional pockets of neutral or alkaline water. The finding, detailed in the Dec. 19 edition of Science, bolsters the chances that primitive life sprang up in those benign spots.

<p>Economists See Roots of Income Inequality in Ancestral History</p>

<p>Two Brown University economists have created a new data set that enables them to explain differences in countries’ incomes based on their people’s ancestral histories. They find that where the ancestors of a country’s present population lived some 500 years ago is a significant predictor of economic outcomes today.</p>

<p>Men Are Red, Women Are Green, Brown Researcher Finds</p>

<p>Michael J. Tarr, professor of cognitive and linguistic sciences at Brown University, has discovered a difference in skin tone associated with gender. His paper, “Gender Recognition of Human Faces Using Color,” is to be published online this week in the journal <em>Psychological Science. </em>It may have have wide implications for research and industry.</p>

<p>NSF Awards Brown Researchers $2.6 Million for Computer Vision in Archaeology</p>

<p>The National Science Foundation has awarded $2.6 million to a Brown University archaeologist and a team of engineers to develop innovative techniques for archaeological excavation, reconstruction, and interpretation using computer vision and pattern recognition. The project is focused at the site of Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel.</p>

<p>Brown Chemist Finds Gene That Enables Gray Mold to Kill Plant Cells</p>

<p>Brown University chemist David Cane and international colleagues have identified the genetic sequence behind gray mold's killer arsenal. In an <em>ACS Chemical Biology</em> paper, the scientists report that deletion of a single, mastermind gene from gray mold's DNA shuts down its ability to produce toxins that kill cells in more than 200 species of garden and ornamental plants.</p>

<p>Brown Political Scientist Urges Historic Lessons for Obama’s Health Care Reform</p>

<p>As President-elect Barack Obama sets out to change the nation's health care system, an article co-authored by Brown University political scientist James Morone calls on him to seriously consider lessons from Lyndon Johnson’s historic enactment of Medicare and Medicaid. The article is published in this week’s <em>New England Journal of Medicine</em>.</p>

<p>Household Exposure to Toxic Chemicals Lurks Unrecognized, Researchers Find</p>

<p>Many women are surprised to learn the extent of personal, in-home contamination caused by exposure to everyday consumer products, according to a team of researchers including Brown University sociologist Phil Brown and 2008 Ph.D. recipient Rebecca Gasior Altman. The study, published in the <em>Journal of Health and Social Behavior,</em> is one of the first accounts of participants’ responses to learning personal exposure data, research critical to environmental science and public health.</p>