Presidential Primaries

Early Voters Hold Most Power in Primaries, Say Brown Economists

As voters in Iowa and New Hampshire prepare to head to the polls for the 2008 presidential primary season, new research by two Brown University economists shows just how much power these early voters hold. In a National Bureau of Economic Research working paper, Brian Knight and Nathan Schiff demonstrate that early voters have up to 20 times the influence of voters in later states when it comes to candidate selection.

Seed Funding Supports Brown’s Internationalization Effort

Six seed fund grants totaling $85,000 have been awarded to Brown faculty to support diverse and unique international collaborations. This seed funding furthers the University’s effort to stimulate research and education on a global scale. It is the first funding of this kind at Brown.

Museum Loan Network Finds New Home at Brown University

The Museum Loan Network, an innovative program facilitating collection sharing among museums and promoting interdisciplinary collaboration with communities, will relocate to Brown University after 12 years at MIT. At Brown, the network will be based at the John Nicholas Brown Center’s Public Humanities Program, where it will continue its work fostering partnerships among cultural organizations and launch new programs to connect museums with the next generation of museum professionals.
World AIDS Day

AIDS Activist and Former U.N. Official To Speak at Symposium

International AIDS activist Stephen Lewis will take part in a World AIDS Day symposium at Brown University on Saturday, Dec. 1, 2007, from 1 to 4 p.m. in Room 117 in Starr Auditorium at MacMillan Hall. The public event is free, but space is limited.
Center for Environmental Health and Technology

Drinking and Smoking Do Not Boost HPV-Related Cancer Risk

New Brown University research shows that alcohol and tobacco use does not increase the risk of cancers of the mouth and throat for people infected with human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16), a common sexually transmitted virus in the United States. The findings are the strongest evidence yet that head and neck cancers have two distinct causes and may require different prevention and treatment methods.
New Frontiers in Quantum Mechanics

Cooper Pairs Found in Insulators as Well as in Superconductors

Fifty years ago, three physicists unveiled the BCS (Bardeen, Cooper, Schrieffer) theory of superconductivity, which explained how currents of electrons can flow perpetually if they join in pairs. Those physicists, including Leon Cooper at Brown University, won a Nobel Prize for their work. Now Brown physicists have shown something surprising: the formation of Cooper pairs can not only help electric current to flow but it can also block that current. Their research appears in Science.
National Institute on Aging Award

Brown To Create Most Comprehensive Long-Term Care Database

The National Institute on Aging has awarded members of Brown University’s Center for Gerontology and Health Care Research a major grant to create the first national database that will allow researchers to study the impact of state policies and market forces on the quality of long-term care. The award comes at a time of increasing demand for the services of nursing homes and other long-term care providers. By 2020, an estimated 12 million U.S. elderly will need some form of long-term care.

Optic Flow: A Step in The Right Direction

The way objects appear to stream by us as we move through the world is a phenomenon called optic flow. Think of the street signs and storefronts that sail across the car windshield as we drive. That’s optic flow in action. Brown University cognitive scientists have now shown, in research to be featured on the cover of Current Biology, that optic flow plays a critical role in continuously recalibrating our steps as we walk.
Top Prizes for Young Scientists

Two Brown Scientists Receive Top White House Awards

Two Brown professors have garnered the highest honors given by the U.S. government to scientists and engineers beginning their independent careers. Odest Chadwicke (Chad) Jenkins, assistant professor of computer science, and Pradeep Guduru, assistant professor of engineering, received Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) during a ceremony at the White House.
Drosophila 12 Genomes Consortium

Biologists Assemble Fly mtDNA for Landmark Genome Project

As part of a major new international genome sequencing project, Brown biologists assembled the complete mitochondrial DNA sequences of seven different species of fruit fly. Their work, published in Nature, provides scientists with an exciting new tool to understand the genetic differences within a species as well as the evolutionary relationships among different species.

First-Ever Study: Lack of Critical Lubricant Causes Wear in Joints

For the first time, researchers have linked increased friction with early wear in the joints of animals. Work led by Brown University physician and engineer Gregory Jay, M.D., shows mice that do not produce the protein lubricin begin to show wear in their joints less than two weeks after birth. This finding not only points up the protective power of lubricin but also suggests that it could be used to prevent joint wear after an injury.
Art on the Move

Lichtenstein Sculpture Brushstrokes to Depart for Florida

Roy Lichtenstein’s 30-foot sculpture, Brushstrokes, will be removed from its site outside MacMillan Hall on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2007. It has been on display since December 2003, on loan from the estate of the artist.

Pianist Saleem Abboud Ashkar to Perform, Lead Master Class

Renowned Palestinian-Israeli pianist Saleem Abboud Ashkar will visit Brown University Nov. 9-11, 2007. In addition to presenting a piano recital and offering a workshop for Brown students, Abboud Ashkar will participate in a panel discussion focusing on the role of the humanities in bridging cultural differences on an international level.
(COBRE) for Skeletal Health and Repair

Rhode Island Hospital/Brown Researchers Land Major NIH Grant

The National Center for Research Resources has awarded a five-year, $11.1-million grant to Rhode Island Hospital to establish the Center of Biomedical Research Excellence for Skeletal Health and Repair and create a multidisciplinary team of scientists with the hospital’s academic partner, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.