Mysteries of cognition

<p>Brain Section Multitasks, Handling Phonetics and Decision-Making</p>

<p>Scientists from Brown University and the University of Cincinnati found that a portion of the brain that handles decision-making also helps decipher different sounds. Details are in the July issue of the journal <em>Psychological Science.</em></p>

<p>Fact Sheet on the Brown-Draper Partnership</p>

<p>Brown University and Draper Laboratory have signed a memorandum of understanding to create a center for research and development of energy-related technologies. (<a href="/pressreleases/2009/06/draper">Return to news release</a>)</p>
News Advisory

<p>Brown University Professor Helps Rank Top 100 Health Priorities</p>

<p>A new report from the Institute of Medicine recommends 100 health topics that need priority attention as the nation sets out to reform and improve the health care system. Constantine Gatsonis of Brown University served on the IOM’s national committee of experts that compiled the June 30 report, <em>Priorities For Comparative Effectiveness Research.</em></p>
The Economic Crisis: June 29, 2009

<p>E&amp;G Budget Must Be Reduced by $30 Million for Fiscal 2011</p>

<p>In an update sent June 29, 2009, to the University community, Provost David Kertzer and Executive Vice President Elizabeth Huidekoper discussed further budget reductions of $30 million that the University must make for fiscal year 2011. Payout from the endowment is expected to decline for the next several years. The text of the update follows here.</p>

<p>Implant Bacteria, Beware: Researchers Create Nano-sized Assassins</p>

<p>Infected implants now have a foe. Brown University researchers have created a nanoparticle that can penetrate a bacterial-produced film on prosthetics and kill the bacteria. The finding, published in the <em>International Journal of Nanomedicine</em>, is the first time that iron-oxide nanoparticles have been shown to eliminate a bacterial infection on an implanted prosthetic device.</p>

Rodriguez-Farrar Named Assistant to the President

Hannelore Rodriguez-Farrar, a 1987 Brown graduate and former University trustee, has been named assistant to the president at Brown University. She begins her new duties July 1, 2009.

<p>A BrainGate Timeline</p>

<p>BrainGate has reached many milestones over the last nine years. Below, some highlights. (<a href="/pressreleases/2009/05/braingate2">Return to news release.</a>)</p>
Hope for people with paralysis

<p>Brain-Computer Interface, Developed at Brown, Begins New Clinical Trial</p>

<p>The BrainGate2 pilot clinical trial has begun at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. BrainGate is based on research from the lab of John Donoghue, director of the Brown Institute for Brain Science. Donoghue and Dr. Leigh Hochberg, associate professor of engineering at Brown and a vascular and critical care neurologist at Massachusetts General, are leading the research.</p>

<p>Early Stimulus Funding Supports Research in Adolescent Addiction</p>

<p>Robert Miranda Jr., assistant professor (research) with the Brown University Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, will examine whether the drug topiramate can help reduce marijuana addiction among teens. The National Institutes of Health and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 awarded him more than $560,000 for the first year of what will be a two-year study. Miranda’s research grant is one of the first in the country to use stimulus funding.</p>

<p>New Proxy Reveals How Humans Have Disrupted the Nitrogen Cycle</p>

<p>Researchers from Brown University and the University of Washington have found a new proxy to measure the impact of fossil fuel emissions on the global nitrogen cycle. The scientists use nitrogen isotopes found in a Greenland ice core to link nitrates to the rise in nitric oxides since the industrial period. The research also shows the greatest change in the isotope ratios occurred between 1950 and 1980, following a rapid increase in fossil fuel burning. Results are published in <em>Science</em>.</p>

<p>Skin Lesion Leads To More Cancer Types Than Once Believed</p>

<p>Dermatologist Martin Weinstock has found that sun-damaged rough patches on the skin known as actinic keratoses lead to more forms of skin cancer than previously thought. Weinstock and colleagues also determined that lesions can become invisible and resurface over time. Details are in the current issue of the journal <em>Cancer.</em></p>