Johnson, Europeans to study plant fertility evolution

Taking advantage of research progress and advanced gene sequencing technology, Brown University will join a consortium of European researchers for a three-year, $2.9-million study of how fertilization has evolved in flowering plants. A goal is to improve crop yields.

Review indicates where cardio benefits of exercise may lie

A systematic review of 160 clinical trials of the cardiometabolic benefits of exercise shows which health indicators improve most with physical activity and for whom. For example, some of the benefits are greater for men, people under 50 and among those battling type 2 diabetes or other cardiovascular conditions.

Undergrad’s study questions states’ Hep C policies

Though she’s just 19, rising public health junior Soumitri Barua is the lead author of a study showing that most states in 2013 were rationing hepatitis C treatment against the recommendations of doctors and possibly against federal law. Dr. Lynn E. Taylor, her mentor, calls her efforts “stellar.”
Questions for Abrar Qureshi and Shaowei Wu

Eat a lot of citrus? Be careful in the sun

Citrus fruits contain compounds that make skin more light-sensitive. A large new study finds that white people who consumed a lot of grapefruits or orange juice had a small but significantly higher 25-year risk of malignant melanoma. Citrus is a healthy food, but the study authors suggest extra sunscreen or cover might be prudent for a few days after consuming a lot of it.

New strategies against rare, fatal lung syndrome

People with certain forms of the rare genetic disorder Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome face the specter of untreatable, progressive and ultimately fatal pulmonary fibrosis in their 30s or 40s. A new study in humans and mice identifies how the disease appears to work and demonstrates in mice two potential ways to affect its course.

Marshall earns NIH award for study of drugs, HIV

Brown University epidemiologist Brandon Marshall is one of the first six scientists to earn a newly created award from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. He will use the funding, $1.5 million over five years, for an innovative study of injection drug use and its role in the spread of HIV.
Questions for Steven Opal

Do statins offer hope vs. Ebola?
Paper shows a blurry glimmer

In September 2014 two Sierra Leone hospitals tried a controversial idea: providing statins to patients with Ebola. The results, described in a new paper in the journal mBio, appear encouraging but anecdotal. A proper clinical trial proved too difficult during the Ebola emergency.
The Fund for the Education of the Children of Providence

Brown honors 20 Providence scholars

Brown University has awarded 20 college-bound Providence high school graduates grants from its Fund for the Education of the Children of Providence. The students were honored Wednesday evening in the home of Brown President Christina Paxson during an event attended by school administrators, elected officials, the students, and their families and friends. All have plans to attend two- or four-year institutions of higher learning in September.
Questions for James Budarz

'Molecular movie' captures ultrafast chemical reaction

Brown University chemists working with scientists at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have used ultrafast X-ray pulses to image the stages of a key chemical reaction as it happens.

Bass use body’s swimming muscles to suck in food

Bass are strong swimmers but they can’t capture prey without also exerting a powerful suction into their mouths. A new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that the power to form that vacuum comes from the very same muscles they use to swim.
Media Advisory

Brown to honor Providence scholarship winners

Brown University will announce the recipients of college scholarships from the Fund for the Education of the Children of Providence at an event on Wednesday, June 24, 2015, at 5:30 p.m. Twenty scholarships will be granted to local public high school graduates accepted to accredited two- or four-year institutions of higher education.

Study suggests active volcanism on Venus

Planetary scientists know that volcanoes have crackled on the surface of Venus for much of the planet's history. Now, using data from the Venus Express spacecraft, an international team of researchers has found new evidence that some of those Venusian volcanoes may still be active today.
Media Advisory

Ensuring more inclusive primary care

Racial and ethnic disparities are an important issue in medicine. To help ensure they don’t persist in primary care and to figure out ways to address them in the Patient Centered Medical Home model, the Brown Primary Care Transformation Initiative will hold a symposium titled “Race, Ethnicity, and PCMH: Ensuring Everyone Has a Voice” at the Alpert Medical School Tuesday, June 16, 2015.
Case study: Needham, Mass.

Teen smoking dropped after minimum sales age rose

Raising the legal purchasing age for cigarettes from 18 to 21 allowed a Massachusetts town to cut its teen smoking rate in half, accelerating the decline in smoking compared to surrounding communities.

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